Aluminum

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Consumer Guides - Aluminum


    Grade Summary: This grade is commercially pure aluminum. It is soft and ductile with excellent workability. Ideal for applications involving intricate forming because it work-hardens more slowly than other alloys. It has the highest thermal conductivity of any aluminum alloy and its electrical conductivity is second only to the electrical conductor grade.

    Typical Applications: Kitchenware, Giftware, Decorative trim, Intricate formed parts, Chemical and food processing industry parts.

     Available products:  Flat Sheet Only

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability

    Typical Chemical Analysis:  *Cu – .05/.02  *Si + Fe – .95 Max. *Mn – .05 Max.* Zn – .10 Max.*Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    18,000
    17,000
    9

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    **All values are averaged values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

    Temper - This product can be obtained in various tempers (the most commonly used temper for this product is “H14″)  – to understand more about tempers, click here.


    Typical Chemical Analysis: *Cu – 5.0/6.0 *Si – 0.4 Max. *Fe – 0.7 Max. *Zn – 0.3 Max. *Bi – 0.2/0.6 *Pb – 0.2/0.6 *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    55,000
    43,000
    15

    * Ranges shown are for .750″ size and under- Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** In 2” using 1⁄2” RoundBar

     Available products:  Round Bar, Hexagon Bar
    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.


    Grade Summary: This is one of the best known of high strength aluminum alloys. With excellent strength and fatigue resistance it is used to advantage on structures and parts where a good strength-to-weight ratio is desired. It can be subsequently hardened by artificial aging.

    Typical Applications: Aircraft structural components and parts for the transportation industry.

    Available products: Round Bar, Square Bar, Rectangular Bar, Hexagonal Bar, Square Tube, Flat Sheet and Plate

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – 3.80/4.90 *Si – .50 Max. *Fe – .50 Max. *Mn – .30/.90 Max. *Mg – 1.20/1.80 Max
    • *Zn – .25 *Cr – .10 Max. *Ti – .15 Max. *Other- .15 Max. *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation ***
    Brinell Hardness
    68,000
    47,000
    20
    120

    * Ranges shown are for .750″ size and under – Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.


    Grade Summary: This is the most widely used of all aluminum alloys. It is essentially commercially pure aluminum with the addition of Manganese which increases strength some 20% over 1100. With excellent corrosion resistance and workability it can be deep drawn or spun, welded or brazed.

    Typical Applications: Cooking utensils, kitchen equipment, decorative trim, awnings, siding, storage tanks, chemical equipment.

    Available products: Flat Sheet, Expanded Mesh Sheet, Perforated Sheet and Plate

    Note – For further details on Perforated and Expanded Mesh Sheet – Please refer to pages 190 to 210 of our online PDF Product Catalogue.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – .20 Max. *Si – .60 Max. *Fe – .70 *Zn – .10 *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    22,000
    21,000
    8

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2” for .064” sheet

    Expanded Mesh Terms:

    • SWD – Nominal dimensions, Short Way of Design – LWD – Nominal dimension, Long Way of Design
    • SWO – Short Way of Opening
    • LWO – Long Way of Opening
    • STRAND THICKNESS – Gauge thickness of the base metal – STRAND WIDTH – Amount of metal fed under dies to produce one strand.
    • RAISED (abbreviated R) – Expanded metal as it comes from the press. The strands and bonds are set at a uniform angle to the plane of the sheet. This gives added stength and rigidity, as well as a skid-resistant surface.
    • FLATTENED (abbreviated F) – Expanded metal that has been cold-rolled after expansion,to provide a smooth, flat and level sheet. The flattening process reduces the original gauge of the base metal and the strand width increases slightly. Some of the heavier expanded metals cannot be flattened.

    aluminum-3003-meshsheet


    Grade Summary: This is the highest strength alloy of the more common non-heat-treatable grades. Fatigue strength is higher than most aluminum alloys. Particularly good resistance to marine atmosphere and salt water corrosion. Excellent workability. It may be drawn or formed into intricate shapes and its slightly greater strength in the annealed condition minimizes tearing that  can occur in 1100 or 3003. Excellent finishing characteristics with bright, clear anodic coatings.

    Typical Applications: Wide variety from aircraft components to home appliances, marine and transportation industry parts, heavy duty cooking utensils, and equipment for bulk processing food.

    Available products: Flat Sheet and Plate

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – .10 Max. *Si – .25 Max. *Fe – .40 Max. *Mn – .10 Max.
    • *Mg – .20/2.80 Max. *Zn – .10 *Cr – .15/.35 *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    33,000
    28,000
    12

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2” for .064” sheet

    Tempers: This product can be obtained in various tempers.  To understand more about tempers CLICK HERE


    Grade Summary: This is the most versatile of the heat treatable aluminum alloys. This alloy offers a wide range of mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. It is easily fabricated and has good formability. It is weld-able using all wethods including furnace brazing.

    Typical Applications: Screw machine parts, Truck bodies and frames, Running boards, Steps, Floors, Walkways, Platforms, Cover plates, Trench covers, Truck runways, Almost any structural component.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar, Hexagonal Bar, Channel, Beam, Angle, Flat Sheet, Expanded Mesh, Perforated Sheet, Plate, Pipe, Round Tube, Square Tube, and Rectangular Tube.

    Note – For further details on Perforated and Expanded Mesh Sheet – Please refer to pages 190 to 210 of our online PDF Product Catalogue.

    Some products may not be available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – .15/.40 *Si – .40/.80 *Fe – .70 Max. *Mn – .15 Max.
    • *Mg - .80/1.2 *Zn – .25 Max. *Cr – .04/.35 *Ti – .15 Max. *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Brinell Hardness
    45,000
    40,000
    95

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** For T651 bare – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    Product Notes

    -Aluminum 6061 Angles are used in Structural applications and typically have round corners. For Architectural applications  or where square corners are required, Aluminum 6063 Angles should be used.

    -All Pipe is measured in the following way: The nominal inside diameter (Inches) and the wall thickness (known as a schedule number). The Outside diameter is not provided as this product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern, which is why the inside diameter is provided (Note – the inside diameter is a nominal and not exact measurement). Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications (Round Tube should be used).

    -All Tube is measured in the following way: The outside diameter (Inches), the wall thickness (Inches) and the inside diameter (Inches). Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of any volume, such as Air, Water or Oil (Pipe should be used).

    -Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube is measured in the following way: The outside width and height of the tube (Inches) and the wall thickness (Inches). To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice. It should be noted that Aluminum Grade 6063 Tube will typically have square corners and Aluminum Grade 6061 will have rounded corners. However, in some cases the different corners can be found in both

    Expanded Mesh Terms:

    -SWD – Nominal dimensions, Short Way of Design – LWD – Nominal dimension, Long Way of Design
    -SWO – Short Way of Opening
    -LWO – Long Way of Opening
    -STRAND THICKNESS – Gauge thickness of the base metal – STRAND WIDTH – Amount of metal fed under dies to produce one strand.
    -RAISED (abbreviated R) – Expanded metal as it comes from the press. The strands and bonds are set at a uniform angle to the plane of the sheet. This gives added stength and rigidity, as well as a skid-resistant surface.
    -FLATTENED (abbreviated F) – Expanded metal that has been cold-rolled after expansion,to provide a smooth, flat and level sheet. The flattening process reduces the original gauge of the base metal and the strand width increases slightly. Some of the heavier expanded metals cannot be flattened.

    aluminum-3003-meshsheet

    Aluminum Channel Details:

    There are two different profiles in 6000 series Aluminum Channel ; American Standard and Aluminum Association – They are very similar in most aspects except the cross section. You will notice that the American Standard Channel has tapered legs while the Aluminum Association Channel has straight legs. Both channels are measured using similar methods – A = Base or Height, B = flange height, T1 =Web thickness and T2 = Flange thickness.  For further information, please see page 34 of the Metal Reference Guide.

    americanstandardaluminumchannelAmerican Standard
    aluminumassociationaluminumchannelAluminum Association

     

    Aluminum Pipe Details: 

    Aluminum pipe is measured by taking the following:

    -The nominal inside diameter (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches) – Refer to the schedule number table on page 37 of the online metal reference guide.

    The Outside diameter is not provided as a common measurement as the product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern. The inside diameter  provided is a nominal number not an exact measurement.

    Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications – Round Tube is used instead.

    Aluminum Tube Details:

    Aluminum Tube is measured by taking the following:

    -The outside diameter (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)
    -The inside diameter (inches)

    Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil

    Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube Details:

    Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube is measured by taking the following:

    -The size of the outside of the  tube (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)

    To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice.

    It should be noted that  6063 Tube will typically have square corners and 6061 will have rounded corners . In some cases the different corners can be found in both grades.


    Grade Summary:  This grade is commonly referred to as the architectural alloy. Developed as an extrusion alloy with relatively high tensile properties, excellent finish characteristics and high corrosion resistance. It is one of the  best suited alloy for  anodizing applications including hard coat anodizing for air cylinder tube.

    Typical Applications:  Moldings and Extruded Trim for stores and homes both interior and exterior, Construction tube, lawn furniture, luggage racks, air cylinders.Used extensively for anodized parts.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Channel, Angle, Pipe, Round Tube, Square Tube, and Rectangular Tube.
    Some items may not be available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – .10 Max. *Si – .20/.60 *Fe – .35 Max. *Mn – .10 Max.
    • *Mg – .45/.90 *Zn – .10 Max. *Cr – .10 Max. *Ti – .10 Max. * Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Brinell Hardness
    27,000
    21,000
    60

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** For T52 bare – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    Product Notes: 

    -Aluminum 6063 Angles are used in Architectural applications and typically have round corners. For Structural applications or where square corners are required, Aluminum 6061 Angles should be used.

    -All Pipe is measured in the following way: The nominal inside diameter (Inches) and the wall thickness (known as a schedule number). The Outside diameter is not provided as this product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern, which is why the inside diameter is provided (Note – the inside diameter is a nominal and not exact measurement). Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications (Round Tube should be used).

    -Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube is measured in the following way: The outside width and height of the tube (Inches) and the wall thickness (Inches). To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice. It should be noted that Aluminum Grade 6063 Tube will typically have square corners and Aluminum Grade 6061 will have rounded corners. However, in some cases the different corners can be found in both grades.

    Aluminum Pipe Details: 

    Aluminum pipe is measured by taking the following:

    -The nominal inside diameter (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches) – Refer to the schedule number table on page 37 of the online metal reference guide.

    The Outside diameter is not provided as a common measurement as the product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern. The inside diameter  provided is a nominal number not an exact measurement.

    Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications – Round Tube is used instead.

    Aluminum Channel Details:

    There are two different profiles in 6000 series Aluminum Channel ; American Standard and Aluminum Association – They are very similar in most aspects except the cross section. You will notice that the American Standard Channel has tapered legs while the Aluminum Association Channel has straight legs. Both channels are measured using similar methods – A = Base or Height, B = flange height, T1 =Web thickness and T2 = Flange thickness.  For further information, please see page 34 of the Metal Reference Guide.

    americanstandardaluminumchannelAmerican Standard
    aluminumassociationaluminumchannelAluminum Association

    Aluminum Tube Details:

    Aluminum Tube is measured by taking the following:

    -The outside diameter (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)
    -The inside diameter (inches)

    Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil

    Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube Details:

    Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube is measured by taking the following:

    -The size of the outside of the  tube (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)

    To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice.

    It should be noted that  6063 Tube will typically have square corners and 6061 will have rounded corners . In some cases the different corners can be found in both grades.


    Grade Summary:  This is one of the highest strength aluminum alloys available. Its strength-to-weight ratio is excellent. It is ideally suited for highly stressed aircraft parts.

    Typical Applications:  Used mostly in aircraft and transportation industries where strength is critical.  Can be used as mold material for the plastics industry.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar, Hexagonal Bar, Flat Sheet and Plate

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – 1.20/2.20 Max. *Si – .40 Max. *Fe – .50 Max. *Mn – .30 Max. *Mg – 2.10/2.90 Max
    • *Zn – 5.10/6.10 Max. *Cr – .18/.28 *Ti – .20 Max. *Other – .15 Max. *Al – Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation
    Brinell Hardness
    83,000
    73,000
    11
    150

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

    Grade Summary:  Also known by tradenames MIC-6 Cast, K-100 Cast, and ALCA PLUS Cast, Cast Aluminum Tool & Jig Plate is produced from a fine-grain aluminum alloy which is free from internal stresses. This material is internally stable, which assures minimum movement during machining. Tool & Jig plate is a machined product, with flat surfaces and a surface finish equal to 32 micro-inches or better on both sides. It is readily machined with very little distortion.  Cast Aluminum Tool & Jig Plate is used where strength is not a requirement, but minimal machining distortion along with flatness is required. This material is non-heat treatable. Cast Aluminum Tool & Jig Plate has electrical conductivity of 36% of copper.

    Typical Applications:  Assembly jigs and fixtures, welding fixtures, hydro press form blocks, drill jigs, templates, vacuum chucks, index tables, printing machinery components, automotive tooling, aircraft components, electronic components, vacuum chambers, rubber and plastic molds, prototypes, medical instrumentation, foundry patterns, food machinery components, packing machinery, CNC routing tables, circuit printers, etc. Used in aluminum non-strength applications where stability and flatness is required.

    Available products: Plate Only

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • *Cu – 1.70- 3.0 *Si – 0.05-0.15  *Fe – 0.26-1.0
    • *Mn – 0.09-0.50 *Mg – 0.9 -1.90  *Zn – 1.80-5.30  *Al – Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation ***
    Brinell Hardness
    24,000/32,000
    15,000/20,000
    3
    60-65

     

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

     

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